Singular and plural words list

singular and plural words list pdf: Singular and Plural Words belong to the family of Nouns, sometimes they are called Singular Noun or Plural Noun whatever the word is. Now we will discuss these nouns one by one. 

Singular and plural words list

Singular Noun

Singular nouns are those words which denote the subject, object one in number. In other words we can say that a singular noun refers to a single (one) place, name or thing that is called Singular Noun. 

Ex:- Man, Book, Bike, Mobile etc. 

Above examples help us to illustrate that a single subject, object, place etc are considered as Singular Nouns. 

Plural Noun

Plural nouns are those words which signify multiple things, person, names, places or things. In other ways we can say the same thing as those words which talk about more than one thinks, names, places or things are known as Plural Nouns. 

Ex:- Men, Books, Bikes, Mobiles etc 

These examples tell us that there are more than one book, men, bike and mobile hence they are kept in the category of Plural Noun. 

Rules and Identification 

If we talk about the rules for making singular to plural and vice versa then there are many rules but firstly we need to understand their identification of Nouns whether they are singular or plural. 

In the case of Singular Nouns, words in the pure form, they don’t contain any ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the words. Thus we can separate them as Singular Noun.
Example:- ‘Pen’, ‘Cake’, these words does not contain any ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the word hence we call it as Singular Noun

But In the case of Plural Nouns, words contain ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the word. We can identify those words by looking at their spellings.
Example:- ‘Pens’ or ‘Cakes’, these words are contained with ‘s’ and ‘es’ at the end of the word hence we call them Plural Noun. 

Rule No.1

If you want to change a singular word to a plural word, then simply add ‘s’ to the end of the word. For converting plural to singular noun just remove ‘s’ from the last of the plural word.
Example:-

Singular Noun Plural Noun
Pen Pens
Cake Cakes
Room Rooms
Note Notes
Light Lights

Rule No.2

In the case of a singular word ending with ‘f’ or ‘fe’ then remove ‘f’ and add ‘ves’ to the last of the singular noun to make it a plural noun.
Example:-

Singular Noun Plural Noun
Wife Wives
Knife Knives
Wolf Wolves
Half Halves
Loaf  Loaves

Rule No.3

If the singular noun ends in ‑s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z, add ‑es to the end to make it plural.
Example:-

Singular Noun Plural Noun
Truss Trusses
Bus Buses
Marsh Marshes
Lunch Lunches
Fax Faxes

Rule No. 4

In some cases, singular nouns ending in -s or -z, require that you double the -s or -z prior to adding the -es for pluralization.

Singular Noun  Plural Noun 
Fez Fezzes
Gas  Gasses

Rule No. 5

In the case of a singular word ending with ‘y’ then remove ‘y’ and add ‘ies’ to the word to make it plural. (Note:- If there’s any vowel before ‘y’ in a singular noun then no need to add ‘ies’ only add ‘s’ after ‘y’ to make it plural. 

Example:-

Singular Noun Plural Noun
City Cities
Puppy Puppies
Ray  Rays
Boy Boys

Rule No. 6

Converting singular to plural and vice versa

  • Word ending with ‘o’ changes to ‘es’ in plural noun
  • Word ending with ‘us’ is replaced by ‘i’ in plural form
  • Words ending with ‘is’ are replaced by ‘es’ in plural nouns. 
  • Words ending with ‘on’ are replaced by ‘a’ at last in plural nouns. 

Example:-

Singular Noun  Plural Noun 
Tomato Tomatoes
Potato Potatoes 
Radius Radi
Analysis  Analyses
Basis Bases
Phenomena Phenomenon 
Focus Foci

These are general rules for changing most of the words to plural nouns from singular nouns. However there are few words which remain same in plural form, some of them are listed below

Sheep, species, series, deer etc. 

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